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Budva at the touch of the sea - The Historical Beauty of the Mediterranean
This mystical beauty, the pearl of the Adriatic, hides many charms. From the beautiful Old Town to the unique Mediterranean food, rocky and sandy beaches, the joyful spirit of the locals, famous stories and legends, to the unique coastal music of its residents.
For 2500 years the streets of the Old Town of Budva have been remembering human footsteps and legends embedded in its foundation.
One of the famous stories that are remembered through history regards the very founding of Budva and is correlated with one of the most interesting figures of Greek mythology – King Kadmos, son of King Agenor. This Phoenician hero in mythology is known for the murder of the goddess of war of Ares, for which he endured great pain, but also succeeded in becoming the first man to marry a woman of divine origin, the irresistible Harmony, the daughter of the goddess of love Aphrodite and the god Ares. He also gave the alphabet to the Greeks and founded the famous city of Teba.
At the end of their long life, Kadmos and Harmony, expelled from Thebes, and in search of the refuge on the oxen, arrived in the land of Enhelejaca and founded the town of Bouthoe (Budva), from the Greek word “Bous” (meaning “ox”). At that place, they asked the gods to turn them into serpents, and according to the legend, the two of them still lie intertwined in the gardens on this coast of the Adriatic.
A destination thriving with history
In the written records, the fortified city dates from ancient times. It is believed that it was originally an island that later when merging with the coast formed a landmass.
In antiquity, this was the land of Illyrians. Those who came to the Greeks did not allow colonial inhabitants to settle, but instead, there were only some Greek shopping centers, so-called Emporiums, in this area. One of them was in Budva during the VI – century before the new era.
After Illyrian-Roman wars, Budva fell under Roman rule. The Romans, unlike the Greeks, managed to colonize this part of the Adriatic, and their settlements are known as convent or Oppidium (Oppida Civium Romanorum). In these cities, there were a number of merchants, Greeks, Italians and craftsmen who influenced the formation of craft colleges.
Later, when Avars destroyed the old Duklja and the with the arrival of the Slavs, a large number of Romanesque villagers retreated into established coastal cities. In the early Middle Ages, Budva was a multilingual Byzantine city, with a Greek military crew (garrison) and the Iliro-Roman population, while the Slavs lived isolated and for several centuries were vassals of the Byzantine emperor.
After 1181, Budva was part of the Stefan Nemanja’s Kingdom, better known as the Kingdom of Serbia, that later grew to be an Empire. During the time of King Uros IV, according to the model of the Dusans Law, the first constitution of the city of Budva was made.
In the later period, this city was under the jurisdiction of Balšić, Crnojević and the Serbian Despotovina. However, after the first fall of the Serbian Despotovina under Turkish rule in 1439, these areas became conquered by the Venetians, who controlled it until 1443 and captured the entire coastal belt of Donje Zete, from Bojana to Kotor, including Budva. After the fall of the Venetian Republic, Budva joined Austro-Hungary.
Budva – the former home of many Mediterranean cultures that have left a great mark on its development and history, today is the most famous city of the Montenegrin coast with about 18,000 inhabitants. It is also a city that resembles a theater, a summer resort, a tourist center, a festival city, and a prestigious spot on the tourist map of Europe.
In the 35km distance area around Budva, that is better known as the Budva Riviera, you will find 12.5km of beaches and numerous famous tourist destinations such as Budva, Jaz, Petrovac, Queen’s beach, and famous St. Stefan island.
Surrounded by the sun at the foot of the mountain mountains, this Queen of the Adriatic carries the epitome of the “metropolis of tourism” as one of the most visited places on the Adriatic.
Its beauty is reflected in the famous Venetian heritage of the old town, rich history, unique romantic churches, concerts and artistic events that, for centuries, stole the hearts of many visitors who were looking for beauty to its walls.