Each part of the Montenegrin coast carries a rich history embodied in the form of numerous and picturesque fortifications from the famous towers of Herceg Novi, throughout the Kotor fortress, to the Budva Old Town and Ulcinj. However, Budva hides a special charm that with over two and a half thousand years old history in its records, citadels, and monuments attracts each traveler to be mesmerized while exploring.
Citadel (Fortress of St, Mary
This famous fortress located in the Old Town of Budva is one of its medieval monumental and historical buildings, which was built to protect the city from the sea invasion. Once, it was equipped with all necessities in the event of a siege, and today it is an important cultural memorial and a popular tourist attraction when you find yourself in Budva.
Its mighty walls guaranteed the enemy’s futile attacks, and excellent temperature conditions inside the interior ensured the storage of food even during the longest sieges of the city. The Citadel was built entirely in 840, but only the northern tower and the northern and eastern wall remained from the original buildings.
The continuation of the construction took place in the 15th century when the buildings of the former barracks, gates, and walls still preserved, as well as the church of Sv. Mary from which the remains are preserved. On the Citadel wall, you will notice the famous Two Fish symbol, which is also one of the main symbols of the city of Budva. According to the legend, it is a memorial of the love story of two young people who, together with their parents, defended their love together and drowned in the sea together.
Entrance to Citadel itself is symbolically charged to allow its preservation. Every year, the famous “City Theater” festival is held, and you can also visit the museum, restaurant, as well as a viewpoint in your area where you can watch the picturesque panorama of Budva.
Fortress around the Old Town of Budva
The founding of the old town of Budva is associated with ancient Greeks and its well known mythological stories about Phoenician hero Kadmos and his wife of divine origin Harmony.
The Old Town of Budva was initially erected on a fort near the coast, but later, when island joined the landmass, it became a coastal fort. The city is still preserved, and it represents the center of events and tourism, and its houses continue to thrive with life. The magnificent fortress around the Old Town was built by the Venetians during the Renaissance in the 17th century. However, when the strong earthquake happened of April 15, 1979, with the strength of the 7th degree of the Richter scale, the fortification suffered massive damage, after which the walls and houses were successfully restored.
Today, this old part of Budva is an architectural monument of antiquity protected by UNESCO, and the Old Town of Budva is an entire open-air museum with lots of attractions and cultural sights in which still life still blooms in old stone houses.
The Austro-Hungarian authorities recognized the favorable geostrategic position of the Kosmač hill at the beginning of the nineteenth century, and they organized a crew on it in order to control the borders towards Montenegro. Accordingly, this fortress, built between 1838 and 1850 by the Austro-Hungarian Empire, represents an observation and complex of a defensive character.
It also served as a sea border between the countries of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the territory of Montenegro. The importance of the fortress, which is the form of a circular bastion with two floors and three layers of walls, is confirmed by the fact that the Austrian Emperor Franz Josef visited it in 1875.
The fortress is located on the Kosmač hill with the same name and at an altitude of 800 meters above the sea level near the village of Brajići, near the Budva’s main road to Cetinje. In its natural surroundings, with a unique view of the Budva Riviera, it dominates the area towards Budva, and since 1964 it represents national cultural treasure under the protection of the Republic Institute for the Protection of Cultural Property (now the Directorate for the Protection of Cultural Property).
This beautiful and somewhat forgotten fort was built in 1860 by the Austro-Hungarian authorities, who were eager to protect the western borders of the city of Budva in this way. At the same time, the fort was a powerful defense structure of almost completely rectangular formation with high walls and towers in every corner.
The Austro-Hungarian army used to take full control of all the city’s surroundings, including the position at the sea. Some of its parts were completed during two world wars in which there were places for the storage of weapons and ammunition.
Today, Mogren Fortress is one somewhat forgotten destination, even though the site has one of the most beautiful panoramic views on the entire Budva Riviera. Its authentic ambiance with a blend of cobbled stone romantic notion is simply hard to resist. The fort is located only 1km from the city of Budva between the Mogren and Jaz beach and its an excellent option if you want to embark on a true research adventure.
Venetian Fortress Castello
In the small and romantic seaside town of Petrovac on the seashore on the Budva Riviera, there is the Venetian fortress Kastelo, built by the Venetians in the 16th century as a protection against pirates and neighboring robbers and a permanent station of the garrison located in Petrovac.
Its cellars were used as weapons, wine, and olives and ammunition depots. The fortress is located on a natural cape by the sea, which gave it an excellent strategic position, while the sharp walls surrounding it today provide a special beauty, and to all tourists and unique experience when visiting. For its popularity, it is an inevitable destination for all who visit Petrovac, but also Budva itself, since it is only 20 minutes away from the city.